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International students are getting more PGWPs and median earnings are increasing

Revealed on March 14th, 2022 at 09:00am EDT

Graduate holds up diploma

The variety of worldwide pupil graduates getting a Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP) has elevated dramatically, a brand new Statistics Canada study says. The PGWP permits eligible worldwide graduates to work wherever in Canada for as much as three years, relying on the size of their examine program.

With a Canadian schooling and work expertise, PGWP holders can get entry to a lot of Canada’s economic-class immigration programs. It isn’t extendable, nor renewable, and you’ll solely get it as soon as in a lifetime.

Statistics Canada studied the labour market participation of PGWP holders from 2008 to 2018. The variety of PGWP holders who reported revenue on this time grew greater than 13 instances in dimension from 10,300 in 2008 to 135,100 in 2018. In the meantime, the participation price has remained comparatively regular with three-quarters of PGWP holders reporting earnings yearly.

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The median annual earnings acquired by PGWP holders on this interval has elevated from $14,500 in 2008 to $26,800 in 2018, adjusted to replicate the distinction in greenback worth over the last decade. These earnings recommend a rise within the common quantity of labour enter.

Almost three-quarters of all PGWP holders grew to become everlasting residents inside 5 years of receiving their PGWP. These excessive charges of transition to everlasting residence may very well be as a result of Canadian work expertise improves PGWP holders’ probabilities of being chosen as immigrants, the examine suggests. Additionally, PGWP holders might have stronger motivation to hunt everlasting residency than those that didn’t apply for a PGWP.

The place are PGWP holders from? The place do they go?

Most PGWP holders got here from two supply international locations: India and China. These two supply international locations made up 66% of all PGWPs issued in 2018, up from 51% in 2008. The share of Indian worldwide college students who grew to become PGWP holders grew greater than 4 instances in dimension from 10% in 2008 to 46% in 2018. It was the other for the share of worldwide college students from China who received PGWPs, falling from 41% to twenty%. Over the examine interval, worldwide college students from India intending to review on the postsecondary stage elevated a lot sooner than these from China.

The massive majority of PGWP holders supposed to work in Ontario, British Columbia, and Quebec respectively. For PGWPs issued in 2018, 56% have been for worldwide graduates meaning to work in Ontario, up from 44% in 2008. PGWP holders meaning to work in British Columbia decreased from 19% in 2008 to 16% in 2018. Quebec additionally skilled a lower in curiosity from 13% in 2008 to 11% in 2018.

Earnings differ by nation of origin, vacation spot, and sector

PGWP holders from Iran had the very best median earnings in 2018, adopted by these from Nigeria and Pakistan. Earnings have been lowest for these from China, adopted by these from the US and Vietnam. Over the examine’s reference interval, earnings elevated most amongst these from the US, France, and South Korea.

In 2018, PGWP holders working within the territories reported the very best median earnings, adopted by these in Alberta and Saskatchewan. The bottom earnings have been reported by these working in Quebec, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. From 2008 to 2018, development in earnings was highest amongst PGWP holders employed in Newfoundland and Labrador, adopted by Quebec, and New Brunswick. Earnings development was lowest amongst these working in Alberta, Prince Edward Island, and Manitoba.

Median earnings for PGWP holders have been according to the overall sample amongst all Canadian staff in 2018. Earnings have been highest for PGWP holders employed in mining and oil and gasoline extraction, utilities, and public administration. The bottom earnings have been reported by those that labored in instructional providers; administrative and assist, waste administration and remediation providers; lodging and meals providers; and retail commerce. Earnings development over the 10-year reference interval was highest for PGWP holders working in lodging and meals providers, retail commerce, actual property and rental and leasing, in addition to instructional providers.

Transient historical past of PGWP

The PGWP began in 2003 as a pilot program in choose provinces earlier than increasing nationwide in 2005. Beginning in 2008, the PGWP allowed latest grads to work for any employer within the nation for as much as three years. Then in 2014, examine allow holders have been allowed to work after the completion of their research whereas ready on the approval of their PGWP.

These modifications have been launched to make Canada a extra enticing vacation spot to worldwide college students, and supply them pathways to everlasting residency.

PGWP eligibility

To be eligible for the PGWP you could have graduated from a full-time program of a minimum of eight months in size at a Canadian Designated Learning Institution (DLI). With the exceptions of scholars who have been enrolled throughout the pandemic, research will need to have been accomplished in-person as a way to depend towards PGWP eligibility. Worldwide college students might depend the time they spent learning on-line between March 2020 and August 31, 2022 towards their eligibility, even when their complete program was on-line throughout this time.

The PGWP validity interval matches that of the examine interval between eight months and beneath two years. Packages which might be a minimum of two years in period could also be eligible for a three-year PGWP.

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